HIV prevention and low-income Chilean women: Machismo, marianismo and HIV misconceptions

Rosina Cianelli, Lilian Ferrer, Beverly J. McElmurry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


Socio-cultural factors and HIV-related misinformation contribute to the increasing number of Chilean women living with HIV. In spite of this, and to date, few culturally specific prevention activities have been developed for this population. The goal of the present study was to elicit the perspectives of low-income Chilean women regarding HIV and relevant socio-cultural factors, as a forerunner to the development of a culturally appropriate intervention. As part of a mixed-methods study, fifty low-income Chilean women participated in a survey and twenty were selected to participate in prevention, in-depth interviews. Results show evidence of widespread misinformation and misconceptions related to HIV/ AIDS. Machismo and marianismo offer major barriers to prevention programme development. Future HIV prevention should stress partner communication, empowerment and improving the education of women vulnerable to HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-306
Number of pages10
JournalCulture, Health and Sexuality
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2008


  • Chile
  • Machismo
  • Marianismo
  • Prevention
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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