HIV prevention and low-income Chilean women: Machismo, marianismo and HIV misconceptions

Rosina Cianelli, Lilian Ferrer, Beverly J. McElmurry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Socio-cultural factors and HIV-related misinformation contribute to the increasing number of Chilean women living with HIV. In spite of this, and to date, few culturally specific prevention activities have been developed for this population. The goal of the present study was to elicit the perspectives of low-income Chilean women regarding HIV and relevant socio-cultural factors, as a forerunner to the development of a culturally appropriate intervention. As part of a mixed-methods study, fifty low-income Chilean women participated in a survey and twenty were selected to participate in prevention, in-depth interviews. Results show evidence of widespread misinformation and misconceptions related to HIV/ AIDS. Machismo and marianismo offer major barriers to prevention programme development. Future HIV prevention should stress partner communication, empowerment and improving the education of women vulnerable to HIV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-306
Number of pages10
JournalCulture, Health and Sexuality
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008

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low income
HIV
sociocultural factors
Communication
empowerment
AIDS
Program Development
Interpersonal Relations
communication
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
interview
Interviews
evidence
Education
education
Population

Keywords

  • Chile
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Machismo
  • Marianismo
  • Prevention
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

HIV prevention and low-income Chilean women : Machismo, marianismo and HIV misconceptions. / Cianelli, Rosina; Ferrer, Lilian; McElmurry, Beverly J.

In: Culture, Health and Sexuality, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.04.2008, p. 297-306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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