Mobility and alcohol abuse increase vulnerability to HIV among itinerants in Zambia. Itinerants face unique challenges to accessing HIV counselling, testing, and treatment. Zambian districts (Chingola, Mazabuka, Mufulira) were selected, and focus group discussions (FGDs = 12; n= 72) and key informant interviews (n = 71) were held. HIV risk and strategies to address barriers and facilitators of condom use, voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) and HIV-treatment were explored. Mobility increased sexual networks. Local bars, lodges, and truck stops were locations for sexual solicitation. Cheap lodgings were hot spots for HIV risk behavior. Difficulty accessing condoms and HIV treatment due to transience placed itinerants at elevated risk. Lack of clinics in rural areas further exacerbated itinerant risk. Initiatives to reduce these risks included implementation of border-clinics and employer-driven medical support for itinerants. Uptake of HIV prevention tools, health-education initiatives supporting itinerants, as well as health-care initiatives tailored to itinerant needs, are needed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Journal of health care for the poor and underserved|
|State||Published - Feb 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health