HIV in Indian MSM: Reasons for a concentrated epidemic & strategies for prevention

Beena Thomas, Matthew J. Mimiaga, Senthil Kumar, Soumya Swaminathan, Steven A. Safren, Kenneth H. Mayer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Men who have sex with men (MSM) in India are disproportionately likely to be HIV-infected, and face distinct psychosocial challenges. Understanding the unique socio-cultural issues of MSM in India and how they relate to HIV risk could maximize the utility of future prevention efforts. This review discusses: (i) the importance of addressing co-occurring mental health issues, such as depression, which may interfere with MSM's ability to benefit from traditional risk reduction counselling, (ii) reducing HIV-related stigma among health providers, policymakers and the lay public, and (iii) the role for nongovernmental organizations that work with the community to play in providing culturally relevant HIV prevention programmes for MSM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)920-929
Number of pages10
JournalIndian Journal of Medical Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • HIV
  • India
  • MSM
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Mental health
  • Stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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