HIV Disease and Nutrition

Tracie L Miller, P. Graham, J. Nebhrajani, G. Somarriba, S. C. Tapia, D. Neri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease is a worldwide problem of great magnitude. Nutrition and nutritional care are central, yet complex, in the management of this disease. The spectrum of nutritional conditions in HIV range from malnutrition, to gastrointestinal malabsorption, to hypermetabolism, to macro- and micronutrient deficiencies, to obesity, and to cardiometabolic disease. HIV, antiretroviral therapy, and other demographic and clinical factors contribute to nutritional problems of those infected with HIV. Close nutritional surveillance and early nutritional interventions have improved the clinical condition of those infected with HIV over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Food and Health
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages343-352
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780123849533
ISBN (Print)9780123849472
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 14 2015

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Keywords

  • Adult
  • AIDS
  • Body composition
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Child
  • Diabetes
  • Diet
  • Energy expenditure
  • Gastrointestinal absorption
  • Growth
  • HIV
  • Macronutrients
  • Micronutrients
  • Nutrition
  • Nutritional intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Miller, T. L., Graham, P., Nebhrajani, J., Somarriba, G., Tapia, S. C., & Neri, D. (2015). HIV Disease and Nutrition. In Encyclopedia of Food and Health (pp. 343-352). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00378-0