HIV-1 prevention: interdisciplinary studies on the efficacy of bleach and development of prevention protocols.

C. B. McCoy, P. Shapshak, L. R. Metsch, J. E. Rivers, H. V. McCoy, N. L. Weatherby, S. M. Shah, D. D. Chitwood

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the United States, a major federally-funded approach to HIV-1 prevention for injecting drug users (IDUs) includes teaching them to always rinse their needles/syringes with household bleach and water before use. This report describes interdisciplinary studies of the extent to which HIV-1 can be found in injection equipment and the efficacy of bleach as a disinfectant, under simulated field conditions. Bloody needle/syringe units collected from Miami, Florida, shooting galleries or from community outreach prevention participants were selected for these studies. Groups of needle/syringe units were cleansed with bleach using a standard technique taught to IDUs in community outreach programs. Cleansed and uncleansed groups of needles/syringe units were then tested for the presence of HIV-1. The data demonstrate the efficacy of bleach rinses in reducing the risks of HIV-1 infection from needle/syringe units and indicate that the teaching of a bleach cleansing method to IDUs should be part of a total AIDS prevention protocol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalArchivum immunologiae et therapiae experimentalis
Volume43
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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    McCoy, C. B., Shapshak, P., Metsch, L. R., Rivers, J. E., McCoy, H. V., Weatherby, N. L., Shah, S. M., & Chitwood, D. D. (1995). HIV-1 prevention: interdisciplinary studies on the efficacy of bleach and development of prevention protocols. Archivum immunologiae et therapiae experimentalis, 43(1), 1-9.