HIV-1 Nef Promotes Survival of Myeloid Cells by a Stat3-dependent Pathway

Scott D. Briggs, Beata Scholtz, Jean Marc Jacque, Simon Swingler, Mario Stevenson, Thomas E. Smithgall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


Human immunodeficiency virus Nef is a small myristylated protein that plays a critical role in AIDS progression. Nef binds with high affinity to the SH3 domain of the myeloid-restricted tyrosine kinase Hck in vitro, identifying this Src-related kinase as a possible cellular target for Nef in macrophages. Here we show that Nef activates endogenous Hck in the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor-dependent myeloid cell line, TF-1. Unexpectedly, Nef induced cytokine-independent TF-1 cell outgrowth and constitutive activation of the Stat3 transcription factor. Induction of survival required the Nef SH3 binding and membrane-targeting motifs and was blocked by dominant-negative Stat3 mutants. Nef also stimulated Stat3 activation in primary human macrophages, providing evidence for Stat3 as a Nef effector in a target cell for human immunodeficiency virus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25605-25611
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number27
StatePublished - Jul 6 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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