History of Otosclerosis and Stapes Surgery

Ronen Nazarian, John T. McElveen, Adrien Eshraghi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The current advancements in otosclerosis therapy cannot be fully appreciated without studying the history, rediscovery, and modification of a once-forgotten procedure. The evolution of stapes surgery can be best summarized into 4 noteworthy eras: the preantibiotic era (which was forgotten and then rediscovered), the fenestration era (mainstreamed by Julius Lempert), the mobilization era (led by Samuel Rosen), and the modern stapedectomy era (revived and revolutionized by John Shea). Each era is unique with its own challenges and ingenious techniques to overcome what used to be among the leading causes of deafness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-290
Number of pages16
JournalOtolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018


  • Fenestration
  • Lempert
  • Otosclerosis
  • Rosen
  • Shea
  • Stapedectomy
  • Stapedotomy
  • Stapes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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