History of international co-operation in research

Jürgen Alheit, Andrew Bakun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the last 25 years, since about 1980, international co-operation in research on small pelagic schooling fish with pelagic eggs, such as anchovy, sardine, sprat, and sardinella focused, first on processes determining recruitment variability and, then, since the mid 1990s, on the impact of climate variability on ecosystems dominated by small pelagics. Recruitment research was carried out to a large extent under the umbrella of the Sardine–Anchovy– Recruitment Program (SARP) within the Ocean Science in Relation to Living Resources Program (OSLR) run jointly by IOC and FAO and the Climate and Eastern Ocean Systems project (CEOS) conducted by a variety of research institutions. Lack of scientific understanding of the mechanisms regulating recruitment was widely recognized in the 1980s (and still is) as the key unsolved scientific problem currently hindering effective management of small pelagic fish populations. Their collapses such as the Californian sardine or the Peruvian anchovy have had enormous negative economic and social effects on fishing nations which might have been avoided had there been the opportunity to predict recruitment. Consequently, several international and national initiatives were started in the 1980s to understand the relationship between environmental processes and fish recruitment. At this point, Reuben Lasker's “stable ocean hypothesis” (Lasker, 1975, 1978) had suddenly caught the attention of the fisheries scientific community, and provided a major conceptual basis for motivating and planning the early activity. Simultaneously, two new technologies, the “Daily Egg Production Method” (DEPM) (Lasker, 1985) and a technique for daily age and growth estimates based on measuring and counting daily marks laid down on larval fish otoliths (Methot, 1983), were under development in Lasker's laboratory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClimate Change and Small Pelagic Fish
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages1-5
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9780511596681, 9780521884822
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Fingerprint

international cooperation
history
ocean
fish
living resource
research institution
pelagic fish
Food and Agricultural Organization
climate
egg production
otolith
fishing
fishery
education
egg
ecosystem
economics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Alheit, J., & Bakun, A. (2009). History of international co-operation in research. In Climate Change and Small Pelagic Fish (pp. 1-5). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511596681.003

History of international co-operation in research. / Alheit, Jürgen; Bakun, Andrew.

Climate Change and Small Pelagic Fish. Cambridge University Press, 2009. p. 1-5.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Alheit, J & Bakun, A 2009, History of international co-operation in research. in Climate Change and Small Pelagic Fish. Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511596681.003
Alheit J, Bakun A. History of international co-operation in research. In Climate Change and Small Pelagic Fish. Cambridge University Press. 2009. p. 1-5 https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511596681.003
Alheit, Jürgen ; Bakun, Andrew. / History of international co-operation in research. Climate Change and Small Pelagic Fish. Cambridge University Press, 2009. pp. 1-5
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