Purpose: To determine whether there are identifiable, reproducible findings in the trabecular meshwork (TM) of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) who underwent Kahook Dual Blade (KDB) goniotomy. Design: Noncomparative retrospective case series. Methods: Tertiary academic referral center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Thirteen patients (14 eyes) with POAG (100%) were treated with KDB goniotomy from May to December 2017. Isolated TM tissue was collected from 9 patients (10 eyes) and submitted for histologic analysis. Hematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid–Schiff, and elastin Van Gieson stains were completed, in addition to immunohistochemistry for collagen IV. Results: Mean age of patients was 74.2 ± 6.7 years. Trabecular beams were identified in all 10 specimens, although distorted in 4 samples, of which 3 had a history of laser trabeculoplasty. Collagen IV staining was present in 10 of 10 samples, coating the trabecular beams. Elastin was present in 8 of 10 samples along the trabecular beams. Intraocular pressure and number of glaucoma medications decreased significantly in all cases postoperatively (P <.0001, P =.035, respectively). Conclusions: This pilot study demonstrates that tissue obtained during KDB goniotomy has a high yield of containing TM compared to reported yield of TM in specimens collected from traditional ab externo trabeculectomy (71% vs 20%, respectively). These goniotomy specimens possess sufficient anatomic preservation to be studied histologically. Trabecular meshwork obtained with this procedure may provide a novel modality to study TM dysfunction in open-angle glaucomas.
ASJC Scopus subject areas