Hispanic Secondary Stroke Prevention Initiative Design: Study Protocol and Rationale for a Randomized Controlled Trial

Olveen Carrasquillo, Bre Anne Young, Stuti Dang, Orieta Fontan, Natalie Ferras, Jose G. Romano, Chuanhui Dong, Sonjia Kenya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hispanic-Latino populations face a disproportionate stroke burden and are less likely to have sufficient control over stroke risk factors in comparison with other ethnic populations. A promising approach to improving chronic health outcomes has been the use of community health workers (CHWs). Objective: The objective of this randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of a CHW intervention among Latino patients at risk of recurrent stroke. Methods: The Hispanic Secondary Stroke Prevention Initiative (HiSSPI) is a randomized clinical trial of 300 Latino participants from South Florida who have experienced a stroke within the last 5 years. Participants randomized into the CHW intervention arm receive health education and assistance with health care navigation and social services through home visits and phone calls. The intervention also includes a mHealth component in which participants also receive daily text messages (short message service). The primary outcome is change in systolic blood pressure at 12 months. Other secondary outcomes include changes in low-density lipoprotein, glycated hemoglobin, and medication adherence. Results: Study enrollment began in 2015 and will be completed by the end of 2018. The first results are expected to be submitted for publication in 2020. Conclusions: HiSSPI is one of the first randomized controlled trials to examine CHW-facilitated stroke prevention and will provide rigorous evidence on the impact of CHWs on secondary stroke risk factors among Latino individuals who have had a stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere11083
JournalJMIR Research Protocols
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • Community health care
  • Community health workers
  • Health care disparities
  • Hispanics
  • Latinos
  • MHealth
  • Mobile phones
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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