Hispanic patients with primary biliary cholangitis have decreased access to care compared to non-hispanics

Atoosa Rabiee, Nathalie A.Pena Polanco, Aymara Fernandez De La Vara, Cynthia Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aims: Hispanic patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) have reduced rates of biochemical response to ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and increased risk of disease progression compared to non-Hispanic patients. In this study, we sought to identify differences in demographics, comorbidities, environmental risk factors and socioeconomic status between Hispanic and non-Hispanic patients with PBC. Methods: In a case control study, we analyzed data from Hispanic (n=37 females and 1 male) and non-Hispanic (n=54 females and 4 males) patients with PBC seen at the University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital from January 1998 through January 2013. Data were obtained by filling out a questionnaire either via phone call, mail, or e-mail. Odds ratios were calculated to measure the association between exposure and outcomes.Results: Baseline demographics, environmental risk factors and comorbidities were similar between Hispanic and non-Hispanic patients with PBC. Hispanic patients were less likely to be married and fewer Hispanics had education beyond high school level compared to non-His-panics. Sixty four percent of Hispanic patients had a house-hold income of less than $50000, compared to 19.5% of non-Hispanics. Fewer Hispanic patients with PBC had health insurance coverage compared to non-Hispanics (86.5% vs. 98.1%; odds ratio: 0.1, 95% confidence interval: 0-0.9). Conclusions: Differences in disease severity and response to therapy observed in prior studies could not be explained by environmental exposures. In addition to genetic variation, socioeconomic discrepancies (access to care) may further ex-plain these differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-396
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Ethnicity
  • Health disparity
  • Primary biliary cholangitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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