Hispanic ethnicity and fatal fall risk: Do age, gender, and community modify the relationship?

David C. Landy, Michael J. Mintzer, Amanda K. Silva, Stephen R. Dearwater, Carl I. Schulman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Hispanic ethnicity is associated with a reduced risk of fatal falls in the elderly despite lower socioeconomic standing. The factors responsible for this "Hispanic paradox" are unknown. We hypothesized that age and gender would modify this relationship and that the association would be accentuated in a community with prominent Hispanic culture. Materials and Methods: The number of fatal falls in a 3-year period in the United States (US) and in Miami-Dade County, Florida (MDC) were obtained through the CDC's WISQARS database and the Florida Office of Vital Statistics. US Census Bureau data were used to define the total at-risk populations by age group and gender. Age group- and gender-specific ratios of the risk of fatal fall in Hispanic to white non-Hispanic individuals were calculated. Results: In the US and MDC, Hispanic ethnicity was associated with a reduced risk of fatal fall across all age and gender subgroups. In the US, the risk reduction associated with Hispanic ethnicity grew from 11% and 23% in 65- to 74-year-old men and women, respectively, to 43% for both men and women over 84-years-old. This relationship was stronger in MDC than nationally in five of the six age and gender subgroups examined. Conclusions: Older individuals, women, and residents of communities with prominent Hispanic culture have the greatest reduction in fatal fall risk associated with Hispanic ethnicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-117
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume175
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Keywords

  • accidental falls
  • aged
  • epidemiology
  • Hispanic Americans
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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