His and her individualisms? Sex bias and individualism in psychologists' responses to case vignettes

Blaine J. Fowers, Brooks Applegate, Michael Tredinnick, Jason Slusher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Individualism and sexism have been identified as important and problematic biases in psychotherapy. The extent to which psychologists use individualist values differentially in their responses to clinical case vignettes describing men and women was examined. Two samples of practicing psychologists (N=229) responded to 14 clinical vignettes by choosing initial hypotheses about the client that reflected either a utilitarian, instrumental (traditionally masculine) perspective or expressive (traditionally feminine) themes. Two sex-of-client manipulations were conducted, one of which resulted in a sex-of-client effect. A loglinear logit analysis of repeated measures conducted with the non-manipulated vignettes indicated a marked preference for the utilitarian form of individualism for males in response to their clinical difficulties, whereas the responses for female clients were more balanced on the utilitarian and expressive alternatives. There was little evidence of a sex-of-respondent effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-174
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied
Volume130
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • Psychology(all)

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