High refractive index polysiloxane as Injectable, in situ curable accommodating intraocular lens

Xiaojuan Hao, Justine L. Jeffery, Tam P.T. Le, Gail McFarland, Graham Johnson, Roger J. Mulder, Qian Garrett, Fabrice Manns, Derek Nankivil, Esdras Arrieta, Arthur Ho, Jean Marie Parel, Timothy C. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Functionalised siloxane macromonomers, with properties designed for application as an injectable, in situ curable accommodating intraocular lens (A-IOL), were prepared via re-equilibration of a phenyl group-containing polysiloxane of very high molecular weight with octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D 4) and 2,4,6,8-tetra(n-propyl-3-methacrylate)-2,4,6,8-tetramethyl-cyclotetrasiloxane (D 4 AM) in toluene using trifluoromethanesulfonic acid as a catalyst. Hexaethyldisiloxane was used as an end group to control the molecular weight of the polymer. The generated polymers had a consistency suitable for injection into the empty lens capsule. The polymers contained a low ratio of polymerisable groups so that, in the presence of a photo-initiator, they could be cured on demand in situ within 5 min under irradiation of blue light to form an intraocular lens within the lens capsule. All resulting polysiloxane soft gels had a low elastic modulus and thus should be able to restore accommodation. The pre-cure viscosity and post-cure modulus of the generated polysiloxanes were controlled by the end group and D 4 AM concentrations respectively in the re-equilibration reactions. The refractive index could be precisely controlled by adjusting the aromatic ratio in the polymer to suit such application as an artificial lens. Lens stretching experiments with both human and non-human primate cadaver lenses of different ages refilled with polysiloxane polymers provided a significant increase in amplitude of accommodation (up to 4 D more than that of the respective natural lens). Both in vitro cytotoxicity study using L929 cell lines and in vivo biocompatibility study in rabbit models demonstrated the non-cytotoxicity and ocular biocompatibility of the polymer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5659-5671
Number of pages13
Issue number23
StatePublished - Aug 2012


  • Intraocular lens
  • Ophthalmology
  • Photopolymerisation
  • Presbyopia
  • Re-Equilibration
  • Siloxane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Biophysics


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