A new form of a low Km GTPase belonging to the family of regulatory GTP-binding G-proteins has been identified in bovine cerebellum. The molecular weight of this G-protein is several times as high as that of other G-proteins known to be alpha beta gamma heterotrimers: i. e., Gs, Gi, Go, transducin and a new G-protein which had recently been isolated in our laboratory from bovine cerebellum. The high molecular weight G-protein is stable against dissociation; its molecular mass does not change after treatment with DTT, colchicine and NaF. Using antibodies against the alpha-subunit of the formerly isolated cerebellar G-protein and the transducin beta-subunit, it was demonstrated that the both immunoreactive subunits are present in the high molecular weight G-protein. The two forms of the cerebellar G-proteins, i. e., "high" and "low molecular weight" ones, differ drastically in terms of the Mg2+ effect on their GTPase activity. Whereas at submicromolar concentrations of Mg2+ the GTPase activity of the former is virtually absent, the GTPase activity of the latter is more elevated in the presence of EDTA than in the presence of Mg2+.
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Nov 1 1987|
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