High-latitude ocean and sea ice surface fluxes: Challenges for climate research

Mark A. Bourassa, Sarah T. Gille, Cecilia Bitz, David Carlson, Ivana Cerovecki, Carol Anne Clayson, Meghan F. Cronin, Will M. Drennan, Chris W. Fairall, Ross N. Hoffman, Gudrun Magnusdottir, Rachel T. Pinker, Ian A. Renfrew, Mark Serreze, Kevin Speer, Lynne D. Talley, Gary A. Wick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


High latitudes present extreme conditions for the measurement and estimation of a'sea and ice fluxes, limiting understanding of related physical processes and feedbacks that are important elements of the Earth's climate. A common element in high-latitude climate changes is a dependence on surface fluxes where the focus is on the exchange of energy, momentum, and material between the ocean and atmosphere and between atmosphere and sea ice. Investigations have revealed that high-latitude fluxes differ markedly from those in temperate regions. Fluxes are influenced by the presence of ice, frequent high wind speeds, low winter temperatures, large and small seasonal temperature ranges, and pronounced variability on local scales. It is found that the high-latitude environment also poses logistical challenges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-423
Number of pages21
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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