High latitudes present extreme conditions for the measurement and estimation of a'sea and ice fluxes, limiting understanding of related physical processes and feedbacks that are important elements of the Earth's climate. A common element in high-latitude climate changes is a dependence on surface fluxes where the focus is on the exchange of energy, momentum, and material between the ocean and atmosphere and between atmosphere and sea ice. Investigations have revealed that high-latitude fluxes differ markedly from those in temperate regions. Fluxes are influenced by the presence of ice, frequent high wind speeds, low winter temperatures, large and small seasonal temperature ranges, and pronounced variability on local scales. It is found that the high-latitude environment also poses logistical challenges.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atmospheric Science