High-dose cisplatin and vinblastine infusion with or without radiation therapy in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer

M. S. Blumenreich, T. M. Woodcock, P. S. Gentile, G. R. Barnes, B. Jose, E. J. Sherrill, S. P. Richman, B. E. Epremian, T. T. Kubota, J. C. Allegra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with locally advanced or metastatic measurable disease were given a combination of cisplatin, 200 mg/m2 divided in five daily doses, and simultaneously, vinblastine, 7.5 mg/m2 as a continuous intravenous (IV) infusion over five days. Five courses of chemotherapy were planned. Afterwards or on progression, patients were randomized to receive maximally tolerated radiation to all sites of disease v observation only. Forty males and seven females were entered. Median age was 60 years (range, 37 to 74), median Karnofsky performance status was 70 (range, 30 to 90). Five patients had previous brain radiation therapy for metastatic disease, all others were previously untreated. Side effects in the 87 courses of chemotherapy administered included leukopenia (WBC < 1,000/μL following nine courses) and thrombocytopenia (platelets < 20,000/μL following four courses). Ten patients became septic, nine of them while leukopenic. Elevations of serum creatinine followed eight courses; in all cases the level was < 3.0 mg/dL. Nausea and vomiting were mild to moderate. Five patients experienced mild hypoacusis and six had sensory polyneuropathy. The deaths of three patients were considered drug-related. The response rate was 28%. The median survival for the group was 22 weeks, 63.2 weeks for responders and 17.9 weeks for nonresponders. Twenty-six patients received radiation therapy, 16 randomized to this arm as planned, ten to palliate symptoms. Median survival of all irradiated patients was 24.8 weeks. Seven responders to chemotherapy were randomized to receive radiotherapy; their median survival was 25 weeks. In six responders randomized not to receive radiation, the median survival was 77.8 weeks (P>.3). Among nonresponding patients, the median survival of those radiated was 22.2 weeks, while that of nonradiated patients was 11 weeks. This regimen is cumbersome and toxic. It has offered no major survival benefits, or improvement in response rates, therefore, we do not recommend it for the standard treatment of NSCLC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1725-1730
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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