HF radar observation of wave directional spectra in a strong current regime

Brian K Haus, Mei Wang, Lynn K Shay, Lucy R. Wyatt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dual Wellen HF Radar (WERA) systems have been observing, near-surface currents and wave parameters over the Southeast Florida shelf since June 2004 as a part of the Southeast Atlantic Coastal Ocean Observing System (SEACOOS). The region of coverage includes the Florida Straits and the Florida Current (FC) which typically has maximum surface velocities approaching 2 ms -1. The echo-Doppler spectra are also routinely recorded and archived at both stations which allows post-processing to extract surface wave directional spectra using an iterative approach as implemented in Seaview Sensing ® software. Both WERA sites operated continuously during the passage of Hurricane Jeanne over the Florida Straits on 25 Sept 2004. Although it passed ∼200 km to the north of the measurement domain, the local mean winds exceeded 20 ms -1 and rotated over 270°. The near-surface currents during the passage of Hurricane Jeanne reflected the influence of the wind as well as the Florida Current The effect of the wind on the near surface flow was seen in easterly and southerly flow over the shallow shelves near Florida and the Bahamas respectively as well as relatively slow flow in the center of the Florida current. Maximum current velocities were only 130 cms -1 50-60 cms -1 less than typical values. The interaction of these wave fields from differing directions with the high lateral shear of the western edge of the Florida Current was observed every 10 minutes.. The wind-wave component of the spectrum was observed to respond rapidly to the rotating, wind-field, but effects of the horizontal shear were observed in the off-wind angle of the wind-wave peak. Lower frequencies were often observed at large angles to the local wind.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOCEANS 2007 - Europe
StatePublished - 2007
EventOCEANS 2007 - Europe - Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom
Duration: Jun 18 2007Jun 21 2007

Other

OtherOCEANS 2007 - Europe
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityAberdeen, Scotland
Period6/18/076/21/07

Fingerprint

Radar
radar
wind wave
hurricane
strait
Hurricanes
current velocity
wave field
wind field
surface wave
Angle
Observation
Surface Waves
software
Radar systems
Doppler
Post-processing
Ocean
Surface waves
Low Frequency

Keywords

  • Coastal currents
  • Current shear
  • Florida current
  • High frequency (HF radar)
  • Remote sensing
  • Waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Oceanography
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation

Cite this

Haus, B. K., Wang, M., Shay, L. K., & Wyatt, L. R. (2007). HF radar observation of wave directional spectra in a strong current regime. In OCEANS 2007 - Europe [4302281]

HF radar observation of wave directional spectra in a strong current regime. / Haus, Brian K; Wang, Mei; Shay, Lynn K; Wyatt, Lucy R.

OCEANS 2007 - Europe. 2007. 4302281.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Haus, BK, Wang, M, Shay, LK & Wyatt, LR 2007, HF radar observation of wave directional spectra in a strong current regime. in OCEANS 2007 - Europe., 4302281, OCEANS 2007 - Europe, Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom, 6/18/07.
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N2 - Dual Wellen HF Radar (WERA) systems have been observing, near-surface currents and wave parameters over the Southeast Florida shelf since June 2004 as a part of the Southeast Atlantic Coastal Ocean Observing System (SEACOOS). The region of coverage includes the Florida Straits and the Florida Current (FC) which typically has maximum surface velocities approaching 2 ms -1. The echo-Doppler spectra are also routinely recorded and archived at both stations which allows post-processing to extract surface wave directional spectra using an iterative approach as implemented in Seaview Sensing ® software. Both WERA sites operated continuously during the passage of Hurricane Jeanne over the Florida Straits on 25 Sept 2004. Although it passed ∼200 km to the north of the measurement domain, the local mean winds exceeded 20 ms -1 and rotated over 270°. The near-surface currents during the passage of Hurricane Jeanne reflected the influence of the wind as well as the Florida Current The effect of the wind on the near surface flow was seen in easterly and southerly flow over the shallow shelves near Florida and the Bahamas respectively as well as relatively slow flow in the center of the Florida current. Maximum current velocities were only 130 cms -1 50-60 cms -1 less than typical values. The interaction of these wave fields from differing directions with the high lateral shear of the western edge of the Florida Current was observed every 10 minutes.. The wind-wave component of the spectrum was observed to respond rapidly to the rotating, wind-field, but effects of the horizontal shear were observed in the off-wind angle of the wind-wave peak. Lower frequencies were often observed at large angles to the local wind.

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