Heterogeneity in jail nursing medical intake forms: A content analysis

Alysse G. Wurcel, Gang Chen, Julia A. Zubiago, Jessica Reyes, Kathryn M. Nowotny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite high prevalence of infectious diseases and substance use disorders in jails, there are limited guidelines for the nursing intake process in this setting. We performed a content analysis of nursing intake forms used at each of the 14 Massachusetts county jails, focusing on infectious disease and substance use disorder. Only 85% of jails offered HIV testing during nursing intake and 50% of jails offered hepatitis C testing. Preventive interventions such as vaccines or pre-exposure prophylaxis therapy were infrequently offered during nursing intake. Screening for substance use disorder was present on the majority of intake forms, but only 23% of intake forms inquired about ongoing medication-Assisted treatment for opioid use disorder. The results reflect heterogeneity in nursing intake forms, highlighting missed opportunities for public health interventions.

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