Herpesvirus saimiri DNA in continuous lymphoblastoid cell lines obtained from viral induced tumors in marmosets has been analyzed by gel electrophoresis of restricted DNA, Southern transfer to nitrocellulose filters, and hybridization to 32P-labeled viral DNA or DNA fragments. The viral DNA fragments EcoRI-G, -H, -D, and -I, KpnI-A, and BamHI-D and -E were not detected in Southern transfers of DNA from the nonproducing 1670 cell line. For each restriction endonuclease, a new fragment appeared, consistent with a 13.0-megadalton deletion of viral DNA sequences. This deletion encompassed 35 to 48 ± 0.6 megadaltons from the left end of the unique DNA region. A sequence arrangement map is presented for the major population of H. saimiri DNA sequences in the 1670 cell line. Although H. saimiri DNA in the nonproducing 70N2 cell line can be distinguished from viral DNA in the 1670 cell line by several criteria, the same sequences were found to be deleted in the major population of viral DNA molecules. Unlike 1670 contained all of the DNA fragments present in the parental virion DNA. DNA from 1670, 70N2, and 77/5 cells contained additional viral DNA fragments that did not comigrate with any virion DNA fragments. Most of these unexplained fragments were confined to or highly enriched in partially purifed circular or linear DNA fractions. DNA from tumor cells taken directly from a tumor-bearing animal contained viral DNA indistinguishable from the parental virion DNA by the assay conditions used. These results indicate that viral DNA sequence rearrangements can occur upon cultivation of tumor cells in vitro and that excision of DNA sequences from the viral geonome may play a role in establishing the nonproducing state of some tumor cell lines.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science