Development of effective antitumor immune responses depends on timely interactions of effector cells. A bimodal approach that involves coexpression of chemokines and costimulatory molecules within the tumor bed mav elaborate a more optimal antitumor response. One candidate includes secondary lymphoid tissue chemokine (SLC), which promotes the colocalization of naïve, nonpolarized memory T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) within lymph nodes and Peyer's patches. CD40L-mediated DC activation could induce maturation, enhance antigen presentation, and facilitate priming of the recruited naïve T cells. To this end, the antitumor activity of SLC and CD40L expressed singly or in combination using the herpes simplex virus (HSV)-derived amplicon was examined in two murine models: A20, a B-cell lymphoma, and CT-26, an adenocarcinoma. Administration of amplicons encoding SLC (HSV-SLC) into s.c. tumors established previously resulted in heavy infiltration of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, and DCs, and the generation of cytolytic T-cell activity. Combined transduction of either tumor with HSV-SLC and HSV-CD40L resulted in a more enhanced antitumor activity that was CD8+ T cell-dependent than observed with either vector alone. mRNA expression of the Th1 markers IFN-γ, perforin, and interleukin 12 was detectable only in transduced regressing tumors. In addition to identifying a potent antitumor immune strategy, we show that amplicon-mediated SLC and CD40L delivery may mimic lymph node conditions necessary for priming naïve T cells within the tumor bed, and demonstrate the importance of DC activation status on antigen presentation and cytokine expression for priming of newly recruited T cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Nov 15 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research