Hepatocellular carcinoma treatment with percutaneous ethanol injection: Evaluation with contrast-enhanced Color Doppler US

Carlo Bartolozzi, Riccardo Lencioni, Paolo Ricci, Alessandro Paolicchi, Plinio Rossi, Roberto Passariello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of contrast agent-enhanced color Doppler ultrasonography (US) in evaluating the response of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two patients (36 men, six women; age range, 51-79 years) with 54 1.3-7.0-cm-diameter (mean ± SD, 2.8 cm ± 1.1) HCC lesions were examined with contrast-enhanced color Doppler US before and after PEI. Spiral computed tomography (CT) and percutaneous biopsy also were performed to establish the outcome of therapy. RESULTS: Before PEI, intratumoral color signals were demonstrated at contrast-enhanced color Doppler US in 47 (87%) lesions (in 40 patients) After PEI, blood flow signals were no longer detected in all 34 of the lesions that were found to be necrotic intratumoral color signals corresponding to the enhancing areas at spiral CT were still identified at contrast-enhanced color Doppler US. These 12 lesions were retreated with PEI by targeting the areas of residual tumor with contrast-enhanced color Doppler. CONCLUSION: Contrast-enhanced color Doppler US shows promise in assessing the therapeutic effect of PEI on HCC and in guiding additional treatment in cases of incomplete response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-393
Number of pages7
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 1998



  • Alcohol
  • Liver neoplasms
  • Liver neoplasms, CT
  • Liver neoplasms, US
  • Liver, interventional procedure
  • Ultrasound (US), Doppler studies
  • Ultrasound (US), contrast media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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