Hepatitis C virus infection and diabetes mellitus in end-stage renal disease: Evidence of a negative association

Fabrizio Fabrizi, S. Mangano, F. Aucella, V. Dixit, P. Martin

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have implicated hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus (DM) both in the population as a whole and after solid organ transplantation. Whether this association exists in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing dialysis is unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between HCV and DM in a large group (n = 742) of patients with ESRD from Europe and North America. The presence of diabetes was ascertained by using American Diabetes Association guidelines based on fasting glucose measurement and medication history. Presence of HCV infection was assessed by serum testing for anti-HCV antibodies. The prevalence of anti-HCV antibody positive patients was 15% (112/742); the frequency of DM was higher among anti-HCV positive than -HCV negative patients but the difference did not approach statistical significance, 32% (36/112) vs 29.5% (186/630). The frequency of patients with diabetic nephropathy was not higher in anti-HCV positive than -negative patients, 21.4% (24/112) vs 23.3% (147/630), NS. Logistic regression model showed an independent and significant link between anti-HCV seropositive status and raised GPT (P = 0.032), male gender (P = 0.0462), positive history of prior renal transplant (P = 0.0006), and longer time on dialysis (P = 0.00001). In summary, no link between anti-HCV antibody and DM occurred in this ESRD population; there was no association between rate of anti-HCV antibody and diabetic nephropathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-697
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume29
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Dialysis
  • End-stage renal disease
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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