Hepatitis C in Chronic Kidney Disease: An Overview of the KDIGO Guideline

Ahmed A. Awan, Michel Jadoul, Paul Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global health problem with significant health and economic burden, which can lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and affect multiple organ systems. In addition, prevalence of hepatitis C remains higher in patients with CKD, including those on chronic hemodialysis and in individuals with a kidney transplant than in the general population. There has been a dramatic shift in the management of hepatitis C since Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcome (KDIGO) published its 2008 guideline for the prevention, diagnosis and management of hepatitis C in CKD. As a result, KDIGO published in 2018 an update to this guideline. In this narrative review, we present a synopsis of the guideline, including recommendations for screening and detection of HCV in CKD, treatment of HCV in patients with CKD, treatment of HCV before and after kidney transplantation, prevention of HCV transmission in hemodialysis units, and treatment of kidney disease related to HCV infection. We focus on the clinical aspects of using direct acting antivirals (DAAs) in patients with advanced CKD (G4 and G5), those on dialysis and kidney transplant recipients. We emphasize the importance of carefully managing drug-drug interactions between DAAs and immunosuppressive agents. We discuss timing of HCV treatment before vs. after kidney transplantation. Finally, we highlight areas of uncertainty where further research is needed before any definitive recommendations can be made.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2158-2167
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • CKD
  • Direct Acting Antivirals
  • Hepatitis C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Hepatitis C in Chronic Kidney Disease: An Overview of the KDIGO Guideline'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this