Hepatic insufficiency after portacaval shunting is prevented by prior intraportal pancreatic islet autotransplantation

Mark P. Callery, Camillo Ricordi, David W. Scharp, Takafumi Kamei, Carol J. Swanson, Paul E. Lacy, M. Wayne Flye

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The extrahepatic diversion of essential splanchnic hepatotrophic factors may cause the liver atrophy and insufficiency that follows portacaval shunting. To investigate this, control dogs with end-to-side portacaval shunts (control-PCS, n = 6) were compared with dogs shunted 1 month after intraportal pancreatic islet autotransplantation (islet-Tx-PCS, n = 5). From the distal pancreas of each experimental dog, 1.95 ± 0.49 × 105 islets were isolated by collagenase digestion and retransplanted within 3 hours. Assays of hepatocellular function (caffeine clearance) and hepatic blood flow (indocyanine green), conventional biochemical liver function tests, and glucose, insulin, and glucagon responses to intravenous glucose challenge were measured monthly and when dogs were killed. Four of six control-PCS dogs were killed 32 ± 9 days after shunting because of more than 20% body weight loss; one control-PCS dog lost only 7% of body weight by day 56 and stabilized. No significant loss of body weight occurred in islet- Tx-PCS dogs (n = 5). Liver function test abnormalities seen in control-PCS dogs were absent in islet-Tx-PCS dogs. Both control-PCS and islet-Tx-PCS indocyanine green half-life measurements were significantly (p < 0.05) prolonged at all times, indicating equally reduced hepatic blood flow after shunting for both groups. In contrast, islet- Tx-PCS caffeine half-life periods were significantly (p < 0.05) shorter than in control-PCS dogs and were similar to those in normal dogs, indicating a protective effect of the transplanted islets on hepatocellular function. We conclude that intraportal pancreatic islet autotransplants prevent, by the local release of hepatotrophic factors within the liver, the metabolic abnormalities and loss of hepatic function after PCS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-266
Number of pages10
JournalSurgery
Volume106
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Callery, M. P., Ricordi, C., Scharp, D. W., Kamei, T., Swanson, C. J., Lacy, P. E., & Flye, M. W. (1989). Hepatic insufficiency after portacaval shunting is prevented by prior intraportal pancreatic islet autotransplantation. Surgery, 106(2), 257-266.