Heparin-platelet factor 4 antibodies in patients presenting to the ED with thrombosis

John L. Francis, Alane Drexler, Mary Kathryn Duncan, Jamie M. Walker, Marcie J. Hursting, Robert L. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patients with heparin-platelet factor 4 (PF4) antibodies, particularly platelet-activating ones, are at risk for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia if administered heparin. We determined the heparin-PF4 antibody prevalence in emergency department (ED) patients presenting with chest pain or symptoms of thrombosis. Methods: Admission samples from 324 ED patients with chest pain or symptoms of thrombosis were tested for heparin-PF4 antibodies and, if positive, platelet-activating antibodies. Results: Twenty-four (7.4%; 95% confidence interval, 4.8%-10.8%) patients had heparin-PF4 antibodies. Seropositivity occurred in 18 (9.2%) of 196 patients recently (≤6 months) hospitalized vs 6 (4.7%) of 128 not recently hospitalized (P = .19), and in 16/231 (6.9%) patients with chest pain vs 8/93 (8.6%) with other thrombosis (P = .64). Of 22 seropositive patients retested, 8 (7 recently hospitalized) had platelet-activating antibodies. Conclusion: Heparin-PF4 antibody prevalence is 7.4% in ED patients with chest pain or thrombosis, with ∼1 in 3 seropositive patients having platelet-activating antibodies. Alternative, nonheparin anticoagulation would be prudent in these at-risk patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-284
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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    Francis, J. L., Drexler, A., Kathryn Duncan, M., Walker, J. M., Hursting, M. J., & Levine, R. L. (2007). Heparin-platelet factor 4 antibodies in patients presenting to the ED with thrombosis. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 25(3), 279-284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2006.07.015