We describe 3 patients who presented to the emergency department (ED) with stroke, deep venous thrombosis, or pulmonary embolism and renal failure after undergoing cardiac surgery 7 to 17 days earlier. Their onset of thrombosis after previous heparin exposure was temporally plausible for complications of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, an immune-mediated thrombotic disorder triggered by heparin. The patients had normal platelet counts at presentation, yet each had circulating heparin-induced thrombocytopenia antibodies that were ultimately confirmed. Two patients had heparin reexposure in the ED, 1 of whom developed thrombocytopenia with new thrombosis and died. Alternative parenteral anticoagulation prevented further thrombosis in 2 patients. Because heparin use can be catastrophic in patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, physicians should be vigilant in suspecting heparin-induced thrombocytopenia in patients with thrombosis after recent hospitalization or heparin exposure. Alternative anticoagulants are available for these at-risk patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine