Heat shock proteins in pancreatic diseases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are chaperone proteins that protect living cells against injury-inducing stimuli. Dysregulated expression of HSPs has been observed in various disease conditions including cancer. Using knock-out and transgenic animal approach, as well as standard, methods of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) induction (i.e. thermal stress and arsenite administration), it has been shown that HSP70 protects against cell injury and acinar necrosis in experimental model of pancreatitis in animals. Animals in which HSP70 is induced prior to cerulein administration in a cerulein model of pancreatitits have reduced severity of pancreatitis, as demonstrated by lower serum amylase, lesser acinar necrosis on histology and decreased neutrophilic infiltration, suggesting that HSP70 is protective against cell death. Similar to the protective role of HSP70 in a pancreatitis model, HSP70 overexpression has been observed in pancreatic cancer and is believed to protect cancer cells from cell death. HSP70 is overexpressed both at mRNA and protein levels in pancreatic cancer cell lines as compared to normal pancreatic ductal cells. On a more clinical note, HSP70 is present in great abundance in pancreatic cancer clinical specimens as compared to normal pancreatic margins. Inhibition of HSP70 expression in pancreatic cancer cells leads to caspase-dependent apoptotic cell death and is a novel therapeutic modality for pancreatic cancer. Triptolide is a pharmacological agent which highly effective inhibiting HSP70 expression in pancreatic cancer cells and thus induces cell death. Moreover, triptolide is highly efficacious in reducing growth as well as locoregioinal spread of pancreatic tumors in an orthotopic model of pancreatic cancer and has tremendous potential as a novel therapeutic agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S42-S45
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume23
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Heat shock protein 70
  • Lysosome
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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