Hearing Loss in an Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Population: Identification by Auditory Brainstem Response

Laszlo K. Stein, Nina Kraus, Özcan Özdamar, Cheryl Cartee, Theresa Jabaley, Colette Jeantet, Nancy Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the results of auditory brainstem response testing of 122 profoundly retarded institutionalized children, a segment of the retarded population heretofore generally regarded as untestable by behavioral audiometry. Major findings include: (1) 32% of the study population showed, by auditory brainstem response, hearing loss exceeding 20 decibels of hearing level in one or both ears (12% showed conductive loss and 20% sensorineural loss); (2) of the 15.6% with evidence of bilateral sensorineural loss, 7.37% had losses in the 30- to 50-dB range, and 8.19% had losses of 60 dB or greater; and (3) evidence of abnormal brain-stem function was found in 11%. Results of otologic examinations and audiologic habilitative follow-up in selected children are also reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-35
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery
Volume113
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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