Hearing loss in an institutionalized mentally retarded population. Identification by Auditory Brainstem Response

L. K. Stein, N. Kraus, Ozcan Ozdamar, C. Cartee, T. Jabaley, C. Jeantet, N. Reed

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Abstract

We report the results of auditory brainstem response testing of 122 profoundly retarded institutionalized children, a segment of the retarded population heretofore generally regarded as untestable by behavioral audiometry. Major findings include: (1) 32% of the study population showed, by auditory brainstem response, hearing loss exceeding 20 decibels of hearing level in one or both ears (12% showed conductive loss and 20% sensorineural loss); (2) of the 15.6% with evidence of bilateral sensorineural loss, 7.37% had losses in the 30- to 50-dB range, and 8.19% had losses of 60 dB or greater; and (3) evidence of abnormal brain-stem function was found in 11%. Results of otologic examinations and audiologic habilitative follow-up in selected children are also reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-35
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume113
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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