Hearing loss in an institutionalized mentally retarded population. Identification by Auditory Brainstem Response

L. K. Stein, N. Kraus, Ozcan Ozdamar, C. Cartee, T. Jabaley, C. Jeantet, N. Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the results of auditory brainstem response testing of 122 profoundly retarded institutionalized children, a segment of the retarded population heretofore generally regarded as untestable by behavioral audiometry. Major findings include: (1) 32% of the study population showed, by auditory brainstem response, hearing loss exceeding 20 decibels of hearing level in one or both ears (12% showed conductive loss and 20% sensorineural loss); (2) of the 15.6% with evidence of bilateral sensorineural loss, 7.37% had losses in the 30- to 50-dB range, and 8.19% had losses of 60 dB or greater; and (3) evidence of abnormal brain-stem function was found in 11%. Results of otologic examinations and audiologic habilitative follow-up in selected children are also reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-35
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume113
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Potentials
Mentally Disabled Persons
Hearing Loss
Institutionalized Child
Audiometry
Population
Hearing
Brain Stem
Ear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Hearing loss in an institutionalized mentally retarded population. Identification by Auditory Brainstem Response. / Stein, L. K.; Kraus, N.; Ozdamar, Ozcan; Cartee, C.; Jabaley, T.; Jeantet, C.; Reed, N.

In: Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Vol. 113, No. 1, 01.12.1987, p. 32-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stein, L. K. ; Kraus, N. ; Ozdamar, Ozcan ; Cartee, C. ; Jabaley, T. ; Jeantet, C. ; Reed, N. / Hearing loss in an institutionalized mentally retarded population. Identification by Auditory Brainstem Response. In: Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. 1987 ; Vol. 113, No. 1. pp. 32-35.
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