Health risk behaviors and depressive symptoms among hispanic adolescents: Examining acculturation discrepancies and family functioning

Miguel Ángel Cano, Seth J. Schwartz, Linda G. Castillo, Jennifer B. Unger, Shi Huang, Byron L. Zamboanga, Andrea J. Romero, Elma I. Lorenzo-Blanco, David Córdova, Sabrina E. Des Rosiers, Karina M. Lizzi, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Daniel W. Soto, Juan Andres Villamar, Monica Pattarroyo, José Szapocznik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Drawing from a theory of bicultural family functioning 2 models were tested to examine the longitudinal effects of acculturation-related variables on adolescent health risk behaviors and depressive symptoms (HRB/DS) mediated by caregiver and adolescent reports of family functioning. One model examined the effects of caregiver-adolescent acculturation discrepancies in relation to family functioning and HRB/DS. A second model examined the individual effects of caregiver and adolescent acculturation components in relation to family functioning and HRB/DS. A sample of 302 recently immigrated Hispanic caregiverchild dyads completed measures of Hispanic and U.S. cultural practices, values, and identities at baseline (predictors); measures of family cohesion, family communications, and family involvement 6 months postbaseline (mediators); and only adolescents completed measures of smoking, binge drinking, inconsistent condom use, and depressive symptoms 1 year postbaseline (outcomes). Measures of family cohesion, family communications, and family involvement were used to conduct a confirmatory factor analysis to estimate the fit of a latent construct for family functioning. Key findings indicate that (a) adolescent acculturation components drove the effect of caregiver-adolescent acculturation discrepancies in relation to family functioning; (b) higher levels of adolescent family functioning were associated with less HRB/DS, whereas higher levels of caregiver family functioning were associated with more adolescent HRB/DS; (c) and only adolescent reports of family functioning mediated the effects of acculturation components and caregiver-adolescent acculturation discrepancies on HRB/DS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-265
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Family functioning
  • Sexual behavior
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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