Health-related interventions for youth living with perinatally-acquired HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review of the evidence

Sadandaula Rose Muheriwa Matemba, Rosina Cianelli, Brian E. McCabe, Evelyn Chilemba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In sub-Saharan Africa, nearly 90% of youth living with HIV acquired it from their mothers, but evidence lacks for health-related interventions for this population. We describe health-related interventions for youth living with perinatally acquired HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. A Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews (PRISMA) statement guided this review. We searched in PubMed, CINAHL, ProQuest, PsychINFO, Science Direct, Embase, and Scopus databases for peer-reviewed articles addressing health-related interventions for youth living with perinatally acquired HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Of the 4,139 articles, 11 met the inclusion criteria. We identified eight interventions targeting HIV prevention and care, ART adherence, disclosure, behavioral health, cognitive and academic function, sexual, reproductive, psychosocial, and physical health. Most of the interventions targeted psychosocial health. No intervention was holistic. Findings were diverse regarding intervention effectiveness. Providers need to devise interventions that combine behavioral, biomedical, and structural services to meet this population's complex health care needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-32
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Interventions
  • perinatal HIV infection
  • sub-Saharan Africa
  • young people
  • youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)

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