Background: Upper-limb pain disorders are relatively common, and often result in disability, lost time from work, and significant use of healthcare services. Objective: The authors adapted and tested a cognitive-behavioral model of health anxiety in 100 patients with hand and arm pain in an orthopedics surgical practice, hypothesizing that increased health concerns would relate to increased perceived disability, and investigating whether patients' pain is related to other increased somatic symptoms. Method: Patients with (non-traumatic) hand and arm pain received the Health Anxiety Inventory, the Whitley Index, and the Somatic Symptoms Inventory. Primary analyses were conducted via structural-equation modeling. Results: There was a strong, positive, and direct relationship between health concerns and perceived disability. Health concerns were significantly and positively related to somatic symptoms, which, in turn, were significantly positively related to perceived disability and to having idiopathic versus discrete pain. Conclusion: The health-anxiety model is relevant to the development of nonspecific, vague, and diffuse (idiopathic) hand and arm pain.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Applied Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health