Headache in mild traumatic brain injury

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Headaches are one of the most common symptoms associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). According the International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition (ICHD-3), posttraumatic headache (PTH) may be acute if there is new onset headache or worsening primary headache for less than 3 months. Persistent posttraumatic headache (PPTH) occurs when headache is present for 3 months or more. Risk factors include the female gender, younger age, a history of recurrent head and neck injuries, medication overuse, and litigation. The exact cause of PTH is unknown; however, there are a number of pathological mechanisms in mild TBI (mTBI) that may contribute to functional and structural changes associated with the generation of head pain. This chapter reviews the recent advances in the understanding of PTH, including the epidemiology, basic science, diagnostic evaluations, treatment, and management of mTBI, as well as future research considerations. Special populations of patients with headaches associated with mTBI will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeurosensory Disorders in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
PublisherElsevier
Pages165-182
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780128123447
ISBN (Print)9780128125489
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Athletes
  • Biomarkers
  • Concussion
  • Diagnosis
  • Epidemiology
  • Imaging
  • Migraine
  • Mild traumatic brain injury
  • Military
  • Posttraumatic headache
  • Risk factors
  • Youth sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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