Head-down Posture in Glaucoma Suspects Induces Changes in IOP, Systemic Pressure, and PERG That Predict Future Loss of Optic Nerve Tissue

Vittorio Porciatti, William J. Feuer, Pedro Monsalve, Giacinto Triolo, Luis Vazquez, John McSoley, Lori M. Ventura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To obtain pilot data on posture-induced changes of intraocular pressure (IOP), systemic pressure, and pattern electroretinogram (PERG) predictive of future optic nerve tissue loss glaucoma suspects (GSs). Methods: Mean peripapillary retinal fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) was measured with optical coherence tomography 2 times/year in 28 GS aged 58±8.9 years over 5.0±0.73 years. All patients had a baseline PERG, IOP, and brachial blood pressure measurements in the seated and -10 degrees head-down-body-tilt (HDT) position. Outcome measures were seated/HDT PERG amplitude and phase, IOP, mean arterial blood pressure, and estimated ocular perfusion pressure. An additional group of 11 similarly aged controls aged 56.9±13 years was tested for comparison. Results: Although all GS had initial RNFLT in the normal range, 9/28 of them developed significant (P<0.05) loss of mean RNFLT [thinners (T)] over the follow-up period as opposed to 19/28 who did not [nonthinners (NT)]. Significant (P<0.05) differences between similarly aged controls, NT, and T were found in PERG amplitude, PERG phase, mean arterial blood pressure, IOP, and ocular perfusion pressure. A nominal logistic regression using baseline PERG and hemodynamic variables was able to distinguish T from NT with an area under receiving operator characteristic of 0.89 (SE, 0.07). Conclusions: Baseline PERG, IOP, and systemic blood pressure, together with their changes upon HDT, may have predictive value for future loss of optic nerve tissue in GS. This study supports the rationale for a full-scale clinical trial to identify patients at high risk of development of glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)459-465
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of glaucoma
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • glaucoma
  • pattern electroretinogram
  • posture
  • progression
  • retinal ganglion cell function
  • retinal nerve layer thickness
  • systemic blood pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Head-down Posture in Glaucoma Suspects Induces Changes in IOP, Systemic Pressure, and PERG That Predict Future Loss of Optic Nerve Tissue'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this