Harassment, hostility, and Type A as determinants of cardiovascular reactivity during competition

Eric L. Diamond, Neil Schneiderman, David Schwartz, John C. Smith, Ronald Vorp, Rosemary DeCarlo Pasin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Anger/hostility and Type A behavior have been implicated in elevated cardiovascular reactivity and disease. In the present experiment systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) were monitored during conditions of competition alone or in conjunction with goal blocking or harassment. Cardiovascular reactivity was examined as a function of conditions, Type A or B pattern, and various measures of anger/hostility. Harassment elicited significantly elevated SBP and HR changes relative to goal-blocking and control conditions. Type As reliably exceeded Type Bs in magnitude of SBP change during the harassment condition only. However, exploratory analyses correlating anger/hostility measures and cardiovascular reactivity indicated that only subjects scoring high on the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory showed significantly elevated SBP reactivity as a function of Type A behavior pattern, rated hostility during the A-B interview, or outward expression of anger assessed by the Framingham Anger-In vs Anger-Out Scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-189
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1984


  • anger/hostility
  • blood pressure
  • harassment
  • heart rate
  • Type A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)


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