Harassment, hostility, and Type A as determinants of cardiovascular reactivity during competition

Eric L. Diamond, Neil Schneiderman, David Schwartz, John C. Smith, Ronald Vorp, Rosemary DeCarlo Pasin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anger/hostility and Type A behavior have been implicated in elevated cardiovascular reactivity and disease. In the present experiment systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) were monitored during conditions of competition alone or in conjunction with goal blocking or harassment. Cardiovascular reactivity was examined as a function of conditions, Type A or B pattern, and various measures of anger/hostility. Harassment elicited significantly elevated SBP and HR changes relative to goal-blocking and control conditions. Type As reliably exceeded Type Bs in magnitude of SBP change during the harassment condition only. However, exploratory analyses correlating anger/hostility measures and cardiovascular reactivity indicated that only subjects scoring high on the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory showed significantly elevated SBP reactivity as a function of Type A behavior pattern, rated hostility during the A-B interview, or outward expression of anger assessed by the Framingham Anger-In vs Anger-Out Scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-189
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1984

Fingerprint

Hostility
Blood Pressure
Anger
Heart Rate
Cardiovascular Diseases
Interviews
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • anger/hostility
  • blood pressure
  • harassment
  • heart rate
  • Type A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Harassment, hostility, and Type A as determinants of cardiovascular reactivity during competition. / Diamond, Eric L.; Schneiderman, Neil; Schwartz, David; Smith, John C.; Vorp, Ronald; DeCarlo Pasin, Rosemary.

In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 7, No. 2, 01.06.1984, p. 171-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Diamond, Eric L. ; Schneiderman, Neil ; Schwartz, David ; Smith, John C. ; Vorp, Ronald ; DeCarlo Pasin, Rosemary. / Harassment, hostility, and Type A as determinants of cardiovascular reactivity during competition. In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 1984 ; Vol. 7, No. 2. pp. 171-189.
@article{db98684aea0f4eba902ea73418dfb915,
title = "Harassment, hostility, and Type A as determinants of cardiovascular reactivity during competition",
abstract = "Anger/hostility and Type A behavior have been implicated in elevated cardiovascular reactivity and disease. In the present experiment systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) were monitored during conditions of competition alone or in conjunction with goal blocking or harassment. Cardiovascular reactivity was examined as a function of conditions, Type A or B pattern, and various measures of anger/hostility. Harassment elicited significantly elevated SBP and HR changes relative to goal-blocking and control conditions. Type As reliably exceeded Type Bs in magnitude of SBP change during the harassment condition only. However, exploratory analyses correlating anger/hostility measures and cardiovascular reactivity indicated that only subjects scoring high on the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory showed significantly elevated SBP reactivity as a function of Type A behavior pattern, rated hostility during the A-B interview, or outward expression of anger assessed by the Framingham Anger-In vs Anger-Out Scale.",
keywords = "anger/hostility, blood pressure, harassment, heart rate, Type A",
author = "Diamond, {Eric L.} and Neil Schneiderman and David Schwartz and Smith, {John C.} and Ronald Vorp and {DeCarlo Pasin}, Rosemary",
year = "1984",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF00845385",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "171--189",
journal = "Journal of Behavioral Medicine",
issn = "0160-7715",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Harassment, hostility, and Type A as determinants of cardiovascular reactivity during competition

AU - Diamond, Eric L.

AU - Schneiderman, Neil

AU - Schwartz, David

AU - Smith, John C.

AU - Vorp, Ronald

AU - DeCarlo Pasin, Rosemary

PY - 1984/6/1

Y1 - 1984/6/1

N2 - Anger/hostility and Type A behavior have been implicated in elevated cardiovascular reactivity and disease. In the present experiment systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) were monitored during conditions of competition alone or in conjunction with goal blocking or harassment. Cardiovascular reactivity was examined as a function of conditions, Type A or B pattern, and various measures of anger/hostility. Harassment elicited significantly elevated SBP and HR changes relative to goal-blocking and control conditions. Type As reliably exceeded Type Bs in magnitude of SBP change during the harassment condition only. However, exploratory analyses correlating anger/hostility measures and cardiovascular reactivity indicated that only subjects scoring high on the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory showed significantly elevated SBP reactivity as a function of Type A behavior pattern, rated hostility during the A-B interview, or outward expression of anger assessed by the Framingham Anger-In vs Anger-Out Scale.

AB - Anger/hostility and Type A behavior have been implicated in elevated cardiovascular reactivity and disease. In the present experiment systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) were monitored during conditions of competition alone or in conjunction with goal blocking or harassment. Cardiovascular reactivity was examined as a function of conditions, Type A or B pattern, and various measures of anger/hostility. Harassment elicited significantly elevated SBP and HR changes relative to goal-blocking and control conditions. Type As reliably exceeded Type Bs in magnitude of SBP change during the harassment condition only. However, exploratory analyses correlating anger/hostility measures and cardiovascular reactivity indicated that only subjects scoring high on the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory showed significantly elevated SBP reactivity as a function of Type A behavior pattern, rated hostility during the A-B interview, or outward expression of anger assessed by the Framingham Anger-In vs Anger-Out Scale.

KW - anger/hostility

KW - blood pressure

KW - harassment

KW - heart rate

KW - Type A

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021603132&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021603132&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00845385

DO - 10.1007/BF00845385

M3 - Article

C2 - 6748067

AN - SCOPUS:0021603132

VL - 7

SP - 171

EP - 189

JO - Journal of Behavioral Medicine

JF - Journal of Behavioral Medicine

SN - 0160-7715

IS - 2

ER -