Hamstring muscles: An overview of anatomy, biomechanics and function, injury etiology, treatment, and prevention

Penny G. Kroll, Michele Raya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hamstring injuries are one of the most frequently encountered muscle strains. These injuries occur primarily in sports that require bursts of speed and rapid acceleration and are known to have a high rate of recurrence. A number of etiologies have been proposed for these hamstring injuries. Research has also implicated dysfunction of the hamstrings in injuries of the anterior cruiciate ligament and the low back. The purpose of this article is to (1) review the anatomy and biomechanics of the hamstring muscles in relationship to the lower extremity and low back, (2) examine the possible etiology, treatment, and prevention of intrinsic hamstring injuries, and (3) examine the role of hamstring muscles in injuries and treatment of the anterior cruciate ligament and the low back.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-203
Number of pages13
JournalCritical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume9
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997

Fingerprint

Biomechanical Phenomena
Anatomy
Wounds and Injuries
Ligaments
Sports
Lower Extremity
Hamstring Muscles
Recurrence
Muscles
Research

Keywords

  • Anatomy
  • Biomechanics
  • Function
  • Hamstring muscles
  • Injury etiology
  • Prevention
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

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