Halstead's Metrics Revisited for Knowledge-Based Systems

H. R. Moreno, R. T. Plant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As organizations become more virtual in nature and utilize knowledge-based technologies to support this mode of operation, the requirement to create robust industrial-strength systems becomes vital. The project managers and systems developers require tools and metrics to ensure effective planning and monitoring of the systems development. The article focuses upon Halstead's software science effort metric. The article shows the weakness and inapplicability of this method when applied to knowledge-based systems development and indicates the potential hazards associated with the incorrect selection of metrics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-90
Number of pages8
JournalFailure and Lessons Learned in Information Technology Management
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998


  • Knowledge-based systems
  • Software estimation
  • Software metrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)


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