Halogenation of a nonplanar molecular semiconductor to tune energy levels and bandgaps for electron transport

Anna M. Hiszpanski, Jonathan D. Saathoff, Leo Shaw, He Wang, Laura Kraya, Franziska Lüttich, Michael A. Brady, Michael L. Chabinyc, Antoine Kahn, Paulette Clancy, Yueh Lin Loo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Though peripheral halogen substitution is a known strategy to lower the lowest unoccupied (LUMO) and highest occupied (HOMO) molecular orbital energy levels of planar molecular semiconductors, this strategy has not been explored in conformationally contorted systems. We demonstrate that substitution of peripheral hydrogens with fluorine and chlorine can effectively lower the energy levels of contorted hexabenzocoronene (cHBC) despite its nonplanar conformation. The HOMO energy level lowers comparably with fluorine and chlorine substitution. Due to chlorines ability to accommodate more electron density than fluorine, chlorination lowers the LUMO energy level more effectively compared to fluorination (31-60 meV/F versus 53-83 meV/Cl), resulting in a narrowing of the optical bandgap. We find the preference for electron transport to increase with increasing halogenation of cHBC. As an example, thin-film transistors fabricated with 8F-8Cl-cHBC demonstrated electron mobilities as high as 10-2 cm2/(V s) and solar cells with 8F-8Cl-cHBC and poly(3-hexylthiophene), P3HT, showed power-conversion efficiencies as high as 1.2%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1892-1900
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Halogenation
Electron energy levels
Fluorine
Chlorine
Energy gap
Semiconductor materials
Substitution reactions
Fluorination
Halogens
Electron mobility
Chlorination
Optical band gaps
Molecular orbitals
Thin film transistors
Conversion efficiency
Carrier concentration
Conformations
Hydrogen
Solar cells
Electron Transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Halogenation of a nonplanar molecular semiconductor to tune energy levels and bandgaps for electron transport. / Hiszpanski, Anna M.; Saathoff, Jonathan D.; Shaw, Leo; Wang, He; Kraya, Laura; Lüttich, Franziska; Brady, Michael A.; Chabinyc, Michael L.; Kahn, Antoine; Clancy, Paulette; Loo, Yueh Lin.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 27, No. 5, 10.03.2015, p. 1892-1900.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hiszpanski, AM, Saathoff, JD, Shaw, L, Wang, H, Kraya, L, Lüttich, F, Brady, MA, Chabinyc, ML, Kahn, A, Clancy, P & Loo, YL 2015, 'Halogenation of a nonplanar molecular semiconductor to tune energy levels and bandgaps for electron transport', Chemistry of Materials, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 1892-1900. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00329
Hiszpanski, Anna M. ; Saathoff, Jonathan D. ; Shaw, Leo ; Wang, He ; Kraya, Laura ; Lüttich, Franziska ; Brady, Michael A. ; Chabinyc, Michael L. ; Kahn, Antoine ; Clancy, Paulette ; Loo, Yueh Lin. / Halogenation of a nonplanar molecular semiconductor to tune energy levels and bandgaps for electron transport. In: Chemistry of Materials. 2015 ; Vol. 27, No. 5. pp. 1892-1900.
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