Growth, survival, and feed conversion rates of hatchery-reared mutton snapper Lutjanus analis cultured in floating net cages

Daniel D. Benetti, Jaime A. Matera, Owen M. Stevens, Jorge F. Alarcon, Michael W. Feeley, Federico J. Rotman, Yoichi Minemoto, Gill Banner-Stevens, Janice Fanke, Scott Zimmerman, Loyal Eldridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The aquaculture performance of mutton snapper Lutjanus analis raised in floating net cages was assessed by measuring their growth, survival, and feed conversion rates during a growout trial conducted in a 3.2-ha saltwater lake in the Florida Keys, Florida, USA. Approximately 10,500 hatchery-reared fingerlings were stocked in two circular, high-density polyethylene (HDPE) net cages of 7-m diameter × 7-m deep (300 m3) and 10-m diameter × 7-m deep (600 m3) dimensions. Cages were stocked at 25 fish/m3 (3.2 kg/m3) and 5 fish/m3 (0.72 kg/m3), respectively. Fish grew from a mean of 16.5 g to 302.8 g (25.6 cm TL) in 246 days in the former cage and from a mean of 42.3 g to 245.6 g (23.8 cm TL) in 178 d in the latter cage. Growth rates in weight were best expressed by the following exponential equations: cage 1 (high stocking density): W = 20.716 e0.0112x (r2 = 0.83); cage 2 (low stocking density): W = 38.848 e0.0118x (r2 = 0.81). Length-weight data indicate that hatchery-raised, cage-cultured mutton snapper are heavier per unit length than their wild counterparts. There was no significant difference (P < 0.05) between the slopes of the two lines, indicating that fish in the two cages grew at the same rate. The length-weight relationships for mutton snapper stocked in cages 1 and 2 are expressed, respectively, by the equations W = 0.000009 L 3.11 (r2 = 0.99) and W = 0.000005 L 3.22 (r2 = 0.97). Overall feed conversion rate for both cages combined was 1.4. Approximately 10% of the fish sampled exhibited some degree of deformity, particularly scoliosis. Overall survival rate was 70%. Results suggest that L. analis has potential for aquaculture development in net cage systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-357
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the World Aquaculture Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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