Growth factor treatment enhances vestibular hair cell renewal and results in improved vestibular function

Richard D. Kopke, Ronald L. Jackson, Geming Li, Mark D. Rasmussen, Michael E. Hoffer, Dorothy A. Frenz, Michael Costello, Peter Schultheiss, Thomas R. Van De Water

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations


The vestibules of adult guinea pigs were lesioned with gentamicin and then treated with perilymphatic infusion of either of two growth factor mixtures (i.e., GF I or GF II). GF I contained transforming growth factor α (TGFα), insulin-like growth factor type one (IGF-1), and retinoic acid (RA), whereas GF II contained those three factors and brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Treatment with GF I significantly enhanced vestibular hair cell renewal in ototoxin-damaged utricles and the maturation of stereociliary bundle morphology. The addition of brain-derived neurotrophic factor to the GF II infusion mixture resulted in the return of type 1 vestibular hair cells in ototoxin-damaged cristae, and improved vestibular function. These results suggest that growth factor therapy may be an effective treatment for balance disorders that are the result of hair cell dysfunction and/or loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5886-5891
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 8 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this