Group differences and individual classification accuracy associated with letter/word oddity problems

M. S. Scott, Daryl Greenfield, M. F. Partridge, S. Gold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability of 27 pairs of mildly mentally retarded and normally achieving 6-through 8-year-old students to apply an oddity rule to an experimental set of letter and word oddity problems was assessed. The mildly retarded group evidenced a markedly lower level of performance on all five experimental oddity problems, but they did evidence successful generalization to oddity arrays that visually were very different from those used in training. High levels (>90%) of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive accuracy, and negative predictive accuracy were observed using only six cards. Only slightly lower (≥ 85%) values were obtained when using a cut-off score. This subset of six cards is, therefore, an excellent candidate for inclusion in a cognitive preschool screening test being developed for the early detection of children with mild mental retardation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-416
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal on Mental Retardation
Volume95
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Fingerprint

Aptitude
Mentally Disabled Persons
Individuality
Intellectual Disability
Students
Sensitivity and Specificity
candidacy
Group
inclusion
ability
performance
evidence
Values
student
Oddity
Letters
Group Differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Education
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Group differences and individual classification accuracy associated with letter/word oddity problems. / Scott, M. S.; Greenfield, Daryl; Partridge, M. F.; Gold, S.

In: American Journal on Mental Retardation, Vol. 95, No. 4, 01.01.1991, p. 404-416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c617a9f01adc4968a042a0687d7ece1d,
title = "Group differences and individual classification accuracy associated with letter/word oddity problems",
abstract = "The ability of 27 pairs of mildly mentally retarded and normally achieving 6-through 8-year-old students to apply an oddity rule to an experimental set of letter and word oddity problems was assessed. The mildly retarded group evidenced a markedly lower level of performance on all five experimental oddity problems, but they did evidence successful generalization to oddity arrays that visually were very different from those used in training. High levels (>90{\%}) of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive accuracy, and negative predictive accuracy were observed using only six cards. Only slightly lower (≥ 85{\%}) values were obtained when using a cut-off score. This subset of six cards is, therefore, an excellent candidate for inclusion in a cognitive preschool screening test being developed for the early detection of children with mild mental retardation.",
author = "Scott, {M. S.} and Daryl Greenfield and Partridge, {M. F.} and S. Gold",
year = "1991",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "95",
pages = "404--416",
journal = "American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities",
issn = "1944-7515",
publisher = "American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Group differences and individual classification accuracy associated with letter/word oddity problems

AU - Scott, M. S.

AU - Greenfield, Daryl

AU - Partridge, M. F.

AU - Gold, S.

PY - 1991/1/1

Y1 - 1991/1/1

N2 - The ability of 27 pairs of mildly mentally retarded and normally achieving 6-through 8-year-old students to apply an oddity rule to an experimental set of letter and word oddity problems was assessed. The mildly retarded group evidenced a markedly lower level of performance on all five experimental oddity problems, but they did evidence successful generalization to oddity arrays that visually were very different from those used in training. High levels (>90%) of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive accuracy, and negative predictive accuracy were observed using only six cards. Only slightly lower (≥ 85%) values were obtained when using a cut-off score. This subset of six cards is, therefore, an excellent candidate for inclusion in a cognitive preschool screening test being developed for the early detection of children with mild mental retardation.

AB - The ability of 27 pairs of mildly mentally retarded and normally achieving 6-through 8-year-old students to apply an oddity rule to an experimental set of letter and word oddity problems was assessed. The mildly retarded group evidenced a markedly lower level of performance on all five experimental oddity problems, but they did evidence successful generalization to oddity arrays that visually were very different from those used in training. High levels (>90%) of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive accuracy, and negative predictive accuracy were observed using only six cards. Only slightly lower (≥ 85%) values were obtained when using a cut-off score. This subset of six cards is, therefore, an excellent candidate for inclusion in a cognitive preschool screening test being developed for the early detection of children with mild mental retardation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026007807&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026007807&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 2003910

AN - SCOPUS:0026007807

VL - 95

SP - 404

EP - 416

JO - American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

JF - American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

SN - 1944-7515

IS - 4

ER -