Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: Instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements

Ellsworth J. Welton, Kenneth Voss, Howard R. Gordon, Hal Maring, Alexander Smirnov, Brent Holben, Beat Schmid, John M. Livingston, Philip B. Russell, Philip A. Durkee, Paola Formenti, Meinrat O. Andreae

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Abstract

A micro-pulse lidar system (MPL) was used to measure the vertical and horizontal distribution of aerosols during the Aerosol Characterization Experiment 2 (ACE-2) in June and July of 1997. The MPL measurements were made at the Izana observatory (IZO), a weather station located on a mountain ridge (28°18'N, 16°30'W, 2367 m asl) near the center of the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands. The MPL was used to acquire aerosol backscatter, extinction, and optical depth profiles for normal background periods and periods influenced by Saharan dust from North Africa. System tests and calibration procedures are discussed, and an analysis of aerosol optical profiles acquired during ACE-2 is presented. MPL data taken during normal IZO conditions (no dust) showed that upslope aerosols appeared during the day and dissipated at night and that the layers were mostly confined to altitudes a few hundred meters above IZO. MPL data taken during a Saharan dust episode on 17 July showed that peak aerosol extinction values were an order of magnitude greater than molecular scattering over IZO, and that the dust layers extended to 5 km asl. The value of the dust backscatter-extinction ratio was determined to be 0.027 ± 0.007 sr-1. Comparisons of the MPL data with data from other co-located instruments showed good agreement during the dust episode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-651
Number of pages16
JournalTellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Volume52
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2000

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lidar
aerosol
dust
observatory
experiment
extinction
backscatter
weather station
comparison
optical depth
scattering
calibration
mountain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2 : Instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements. / Welton, Ellsworth J.; Voss, Kenneth; Gordon, Howard R.; Maring, Hal; Smirnov, Alexander; Holben, Brent; Schmid, Beat; Livingston, John M.; Russell, Philip B.; Durkee, Philip A.; Formenti, Paola; Andreae, Meinrat O.

In: Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, Vol. 52, No. 2, 04.2000, p. 636-651.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Welton, EJ, Voss, K, Gordon, HR, Maring, H, Smirnov, A, Holben, B, Schmid, B, Livingston, JM, Russell, PB, Durkee, PA, Formenti, P & Andreae, MO 2000, 'Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: Instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements', Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 636-651.
Welton, Ellsworth J. ; Voss, Kenneth ; Gordon, Howard R. ; Maring, Hal ; Smirnov, Alexander ; Holben, Brent ; Schmid, Beat ; Livingston, John M. ; Russell, Philip B. ; Durkee, Philip A. ; Formenti, Paola ; Andreae, Meinrat O. / Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2 : Instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements. In: Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology. 2000 ; Vol. 52, No. 2. pp. 636-651.
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