Gravimetric preparation of gas phase working standards contain6ing volatile halogenated compounds for oceanographic applications

James D Happell, D. W R Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gas phase standards, containing CCl3F (CFC-11), CCl2F2 (CFC-12), CCl2FCClF2 (CFC-113), CH3CCl3 and CCl4 in the pmol mol-1 range, were prepared gravimetrically in dry N2. The standards were prepared with the relative ratios of the various compounds close to those found in seawater, to facilitate calibration of oceanic halocarbon measurements. The standards made in this study were intercalibrated against an atmospheric-ratio-based standard that was analyzed at both Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) and NOAA's Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL). A total of 21 standards was made, with the concentrations of the above halocarbons reported on both the CMDL and SIO 1993 scales. These standards are currently being used by ten different research groups making oceanic halocarbon measurements. The average systematic deviation of all compounds in our standards was generally ±5% or less from the SIO 1993 and CMDL scales. Deviations for CH3CCl3 between our standards and the CMDL scale were slightly larger, with our standards, on average, approximately 10% lower.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1725-1738
Number of pages14
JournalDeep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
Volume44
Issue number9-10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1997

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oceanography
gases
climate
monitoring
gas
halocarbon
CFC
calibration
seawater
halogenated compound
laboratory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Geology
  • Oceanography

Cite this

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title = "Gravimetric preparation of gas phase working standards contain6ing volatile halogenated compounds for oceanographic applications",
abstract = "Gas phase standards, containing CCl3F (CFC-11), CCl2F2 (CFC-12), CCl2FCClF2 (CFC-113), CH3CCl3 and CCl4 in the pmol mol-1 range, were prepared gravimetrically in dry N2. The standards were prepared with the relative ratios of the various compounds close to those found in seawater, to facilitate calibration of oceanic halocarbon measurements. The standards made in this study were intercalibrated against an atmospheric-ratio-based standard that was analyzed at both Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) and NOAA's Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL). A total of 21 standards was made, with the concentrations of the above halocarbons reported on both the CMDL and SIO 1993 scales. These standards are currently being used by ten different research groups making oceanic halocarbon measurements. The average systematic deviation of all compounds in our standards was generally ±5{\%} or less from the SIO 1993 and CMDL scales. Deviations for CH3CCl3 between our standards and the CMDL scale were slightly larger, with our standards, on average, approximately 10{\%} lower.",
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N2 - Gas phase standards, containing CCl3F (CFC-11), CCl2F2 (CFC-12), CCl2FCClF2 (CFC-113), CH3CCl3 and CCl4 in the pmol mol-1 range, were prepared gravimetrically in dry N2. The standards were prepared with the relative ratios of the various compounds close to those found in seawater, to facilitate calibration of oceanic halocarbon measurements. The standards made in this study were intercalibrated against an atmospheric-ratio-based standard that was analyzed at both Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) and NOAA's Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL). A total of 21 standards was made, with the concentrations of the above halocarbons reported on both the CMDL and SIO 1993 scales. These standards are currently being used by ten different research groups making oceanic halocarbon measurements. The average systematic deviation of all compounds in our standards was generally ±5% or less from the SIO 1993 and CMDL scales. Deviations for CH3CCl3 between our standards and the CMDL scale were slightly larger, with our standards, on average, approximately 10% lower.

AB - Gas phase standards, containing CCl3F (CFC-11), CCl2F2 (CFC-12), CCl2FCClF2 (CFC-113), CH3CCl3 and CCl4 in the pmol mol-1 range, were prepared gravimetrically in dry N2. The standards were prepared with the relative ratios of the various compounds close to those found in seawater, to facilitate calibration of oceanic halocarbon measurements. The standards made in this study were intercalibrated against an atmospheric-ratio-based standard that was analyzed at both Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) and NOAA's Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL). A total of 21 standards was made, with the concentrations of the above halocarbons reported on both the CMDL and SIO 1993 scales. These standards are currently being used by ten different research groups making oceanic halocarbon measurements. The average systematic deviation of all compounds in our standards was generally ±5% or less from the SIO 1993 and CMDL scales. Deviations for CH3CCl3 between our standards and the CMDL scale were slightly larger, with our standards, on average, approximately 10% lower.

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