The effects of exogenous and endogenous granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on invasion by cancer cells were studied, using lung cancer cell lines that produce G-CSF (NCI-H157) and lines that do not (PC-9 and NCI-H23). The invasive capacity of NCI-H157 cells was 26- to 27-fold higher than that of PC-9 and NCI-H23 cells. The invasiveness of PC-9 cells was stimulated by exogenous G-CSF, while that of NCI-H157 cells was not. Antibodies against G-CSF blocked the stimulation of PC-9 cell invasiveness by exogenous G-CSF. Anti G-CSF antibodies also inhibited invasion by NCI-H157 cells in the absence of exogenous G-CSF. These results suggest that endogenous and exogenous G-CSF both stimulate invasion by lung cancer cells.
- Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor
- Invasion assay
- Lung cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research