Graft-size selection and anisometropia reduction in penetrating keratoplasty (PKP)

Ellen H. Koo, William J. Feuer, Richard K. Forster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose To compare the amount of myopia induced by same-size donor-to-host penetrating keratoplasty with that of the amount of myopia induced by over-sized donor-to-host penetrating keratoplasty. Setting Tertiary referral academic center. Design Retrospective cohort study. Methods Charts from patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty by the same technique at Bascom Palmer Eye Institute between Nov 1, 2002, and January 1, 2006, were reviewed. The patients underwent optical penetrating keratoplasty using 12 interrupted 10–0 nylon sutures and a 12-bite continuous 10–0 nylon suture by a single surgeon (R.K.F.). The surgical technique used would be considered standard of care at most institutions. The Institutional Review Board, University of Miami Human Subjects Research Office, approved the study protocol. The donor graft was over-sized by 0.25mm in eyes when the intended final refractive target was greater than -1.00 diopters spherical equivalent (SE). The same-size donor graft was used when the intended final refractive target was less than -1.00 diopters SE. The selection of donor graft size was entirely based upon clinical parameters, meaning that the intended final refractive target was determined per each patient’s fellow eye refraction, with the intention of reducing anisometropia. All patients received postoperative refraction and corneal topography. These measurements were performed at 6–8 weeks when the initial removal of sutures commenced, then at 6 months, then after completion of selective suture removal, then again at 12 months. Results At 12 months, the over-sized group resulted in -1.35 diopters (SD = 2.25) SE of refraction, and the same-size group resulted in -0.14 diopters (SD = 2.42) SE. This approached statistical significance (p = 0.052) in comparison to -1.00 diopters spherical equivalent. Conclusions Using a donor graft that is over-sized by 0.25mm results in refraction of -1.00 diopters SE or more of myopia. Using a same-size donor-graft results in refraction of less than -1.00 diopters SE. Therefore, careful graft-size selection can result in a more favorable clinical outcome—namely, reduction in anisometropia—in patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0218199
JournalPloS one
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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