Gonadal transcriptome analysis of the common carp, Cyprinus carpio: Identification of differentially expressed genes and SSRs

Arumugam Anitha, Yugantak Raj Gupta, Seetharam Deepa, Manjappa Ningappa, Karani Boraiah Rajanna, Balasubramanian Senthilkumaran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Common carp (Cyprinus carpio)is a world-wide freshwater fish of eutrophic waters. C. carpio, have various reproductive traits, including early sexual maturity, that may make them excellent, large, realistic, aquaculture model species. In the present work, de novo assembly of gonadal (testicular and ovarian)transcriptomes from juvenile common carp was performed to identify genes involved in gonadal development. A total of 81,757 and 43,257 transcripts with average lengths of 769 and 856 bp, were obtained from the immature testicular and ovarian transcriptomes, respectively. About 84,367 unigenes were constructed after removing redundancy involving representation of transcripts in both gonadal transcriptomes. Gene ontology (39,171 unigenes), clusters of orthologous group's analysis (6651 unigenes)and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes, and genomes automatic annotation server analysis (4783 unigenes)were performed to identify potential genes along with their functions. Furthermore, 18,342 (testis)and 8693 (ovary)simple sequence repeats were identified. About 298 differentially expressed genes were identified, of which 171 and 127 genes were up-regulated in testis and ovary, respectively. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR was performed to validate differential expression of selected genes in testis and ovary. Nearly 809 genes related to reproduction were identified, sex-wise expression pattern of genes related to steroid synthesis, endocrine regulation, germ cell maintenance and others factors related to gonadal differentiation was observed, and expression analysis of nanos, ad4bp/sf-1, and gdf9 was performed. The present study identified certain important genes/factors involved in the gonadal development of C. carpio which may provide insights into the understanding of sex-differentiation and gonadal development processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-77
Number of pages11
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Carp
  • Differential gene expression
  • Gonad
  • Reproduction
  • Sex-differentiation
  • Transcriptome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology


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