The biological significance of peptide hormone glycosylation is uncertain. To examine the effect of Asn-linked glycosylation on calcitonin's bioactivity we purified glycosylated calcitonin from a transplantable rat medullary thyroid carcinoma. Glycosylated calcitonin constituted 2.3% of the total extracted immunoreactive calcitonin. The structure of this peptide differed from nonglycosylated calcitonin only by the oligosaccharide modification of asparagine 3. Affinity of glycosylated calcitonin for lentil lectin indicated that the oligosaccharide was a complex processed form. In a standard in vivo bioassay glycosylated calcitonin had a markedly reduced hypocalcemic activity compared to nonglycosylated calcitonin, an effect most likely due to the presence of the oligosaccharide.
- Medullary thyroid carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience