Glycemic control in young children with diabetes: The role of parental health literacy

Elizabeth Pulgaron, Lee M. Sanders, Anna Maria Patiño-Fernandez, Diana Wile, Janine E Sanchez, Russell L. Rothman, Alan M Delamater

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This cross sectional study examined the relationship between parental health literacy (HL), diabetes related numeracy, and parental perceived diabetes self-efficacy on glycemic control in a sample of young children with Type 1 DM. Methods: Seventy primary caregivers of children (age 3-9 years) with Type 1 DM were recruited and surveyed at diabetes outpatient clinic visits. Patients' medical histories were obtained by medical chart review. Results: Parental diabetes related numeracy (r= -52, p < 01), but not reading skills (r= -25, p= NS) were inversely correlated with the child's glycemic control (HbA1c). Parental perceived diabetes self-efficacy was also negatively correlated to their child's HbA1c (r= -47, p < 01). When numeracy and parental perceived diabetes self-efficacy were included as predictors of HbA1c, the model was significant (F= 12.93, p < .01) with both numeracy (β= -46, p < .01) and parental perceived diabetes self-efficacy (β= -36, p = .01) as significant predictors of HbA1c. Conclusions: Data from this study highlight the importance of considering the role of parental numeracy, in health outcomes for children with Type 1 DM. Practice implications: Practitioners should assess parental health literacy and consider intervention when needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-70
Number of pages4
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Health Literacy
Self Efficacy
Ambulatory Care
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Caregivers
Reading
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Children
  • Glycemic control
  • Health literacy
  • Numeracy
  • Parents
  • Type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Glycemic control in young children with diabetes : The role of parental health literacy. / Pulgaron, Elizabeth; Sanders, Lee M.; Patiño-Fernandez, Anna Maria; Wile, Diana; Sanchez, Janine E; Rothman, Russell L.; Delamater, Alan M.

In: Patient Education and Counseling, Vol. 94, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 67-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pulgaron, Elizabeth ; Sanders, Lee M. ; Patiño-Fernandez, Anna Maria ; Wile, Diana ; Sanchez, Janine E ; Rothman, Russell L. ; Delamater, Alan M. / Glycemic control in young children with diabetes : The role of parental health literacy. In: Patient Education and Counseling. 2014 ; Vol. 94, No. 1. pp. 67-70.
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