Glucose-induced changes in cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration and the significance for the regulation of insulin release. Measurements with fura-2 in suspensions and single aggregates of mouse pancreatic β-cells

P. Arkhammar, T. Nilsson, P. O. Berggren

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Abstract

The effects of glucose on cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration, [Ca2+]i, and insulin release were investigated using pancreatic β-cells isolated from obese hyperglycemic mice. Measurements of [Ca2+]i were performed in cell suspensions in a cuvette and in single cell-aggregates in a microscopic system, using fura 2 and quin 2. Insulin release was studied from indicator loaded cells in a column perifusion system. In the presence of 1.28 mM extracellular Ca2+, an increase in the glucose concentration from 0 to 20 mM had two major effects on [Ca2+]i. Initially there was a decrease, which was immediately followed by a pronounced increase. At reduced extracellular Ca2+, or when Ca2+ influx was blocked, glucose induced only a decrease in [Ca2+]i. With increasing intracellular concentrations of indicator, the effects of glucose on [Ca2+]i were markedly reduced. Changes in [Ca2+]i, similar effects being obtained in the cuvette and microfluorometric measurements, were paralleled by changes in insulin release. Insulin release from indicator loaded cells did not markedly differ from that of non-loaded controls, either with respect to rapidity or size in the response to the sugar. The addition of 20 mM glucose increased the efflux of fura 2, an effect that was not related to insulin release. Permeabilization of indicator loaded cells demonstrated a substantial amount of fura 2 bound intracellularly. Although the effects of glucose on [Ca2+]i seemed to be similar in fura 2 and quin 2 loaded cells, the demonstrated leakage and possible intracellular binding should be considered before using fura 2 for measurements in pancreatic β-cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-27
Number of pages11
JournalCell Calcium
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

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Fura-2
Suspensions
Insulin
Glucose
Obese Mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

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title = "Glucose-induced changes in cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration and the significance for the regulation of insulin release. Measurements with fura-2 in suspensions and single aggregates of mouse pancreatic β-cells",
abstract = "The effects of glucose on cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration, [Ca2+]i, and insulin release were investigated using pancreatic β-cells isolated from obese hyperglycemic mice. Measurements of [Ca2+]i were performed in cell suspensions in a cuvette and in single cell-aggregates in a microscopic system, using fura 2 and quin 2. Insulin release was studied from indicator loaded cells in a column perifusion system. In the presence of 1.28 mM extracellular Ca2+, an increase in the glucose concentration from 0 to 20 mM had two major effects on [Ca2+]i. Initially there was a decrease, which was immediately followed by a pronounced increase. At reduced extracellular Ca2+, or when Ca2+ influx was blocked, glucose induced only a decrease in [Ca2+]i. With increasing intracellular concentrations of indicator, the effects of glucose on [Ca2+]i were markedly reduced. Changes in [Ca2+]i, similar effects being obtained in the cuvette and microfluorometric measurements, were paralleled by changes in insulin release. Insulin release from indicator loaded cells did not markedly differ from that of non-loaded controls, either with respect to rapidity or size in the response to the sugar. The addition of 20 mM glucose increased the efflux of fura 2, an effect that was not related to insulin release. Permeabilization of indicator loaded cells demonstrated a substantial amount of fura 2 bound intracellularly. Although the effects of glucose on [Ca2+]i seemed to be similar in fura 2 and quin 2 loaded cells, the demonstrated leakage and possible intracellular binding should be considered before using fura 2 for measurements in pancreatic β-cells.",
author = "P. Arkhammar and T. Nilsson and Berggren, {P. O.}",
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AU - Berggren, P. O.

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