Mesangial sclerosis is a major feature of progressive renal disease. The mesangium contains mesangial cells and is bounded by the peripheral glomerular basement membrane and endothelial cells. Mesangial cells synthesize and degrade extracellular matrix. Whereas both mesangial and endothelial cells synthesize extracellular matrix components, the degradative pathway, well studied in the former, has not been investigated in endothelial cells. This study examines lines of all three glomerular cell types derived from female B6SJLF1/J mice, as well as mRNA levels for collagens α1 (I), α1 (IV), α3 (IV), α5 (IV), and α1 (VI), laminin, tenascin, matrix metallo- proteinase-2 (MMP-2), and MMP-9. Type I and IV collagen synthesis was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. MMP-2 and MMP-9 enzyme activity was measured by zymography. It was found that glomerular endothelial cells are a significant source of collagens, laminin, and tenascin. However, they express only low levels of MMP-2 and no detectable MMP-9. Stimulation with exogenous transforming growth factor-β1 leads to a significant increase in collagen I, tissue inhibitors of metallo-proteinase-1, and MMP-9 in conditioned media. These data suggest that glomerular endothelial cells may play an active role in extracellular matrix remodeling in glomerular disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|State||Published - Nov 1998|
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